When it comes to maintaining a healthy diet for weight loss, there are several terms you need to be aware of. What it all comes down to is balancing your body with the nutrition it needs, while also creating a deficit between the number of calories your body takes in every day, and the calories your body burns each day. Here are some common definitions to help you build the right plan for your health goals.
Aerobic Exercise: forms of exercise that increase the body’s demand for oxygen, to strengthen the heart. The more often you engage in this type of exercise, the stronger your heart becomes. This form of exercise is also known as cardiovascular, because it works the heart muscles. More info on the Wikipedia page.
Dietary Fiber the indigestible portion of food. This is found in most non processed foods. Many people take dietary fiber as a supplement for weight loss. If you are looking for a supplement, I recommend you look for one with fucoxanthin (more research here) or Fiberxin™
Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR): refers to the number of calories your body burns through just existing. The video in the sidebar helps you to calculate this number yourself, but there are also various online tools to help you with this.
Body Composition Test: a test to determine how much of your body weight comes from fat.
Body Mass Index (BMI): a formula using both height and weight to determine whether or not a person’s weight is healthy. This formula determines whether a person is underweight, normal weight, overweight, or obese. This formula does not consider body composition, so it is not always considered accurate. The video in the sidebar helps you to calculate this number yourself, but there are also various online tools to help you with this.
Calorie: a unit of energy, referring to the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of a liter of water by a single degree. Calorie dense foods are those that are unhealthy, while nutrient dense foods are low calorie. We are the calorie experts.
Diuretic: a chemical that promotes increased urine production to rid the body of excess water weight. Extensive use of these chemicals can promote dehydration in the body.
Glycemic Index: a measurement of carbohydrate intake on blood sugar levels. Foods that are lower on the glycemic index cause a less dramatic change in blood sugar levels, whereas foods that are higher on the glycemic index cause a more dramatic increase in blood sugar levels. Foods that are carb free, such as meat, do not have a glycemic index.
Insulin Resistance: a condition often seen as a precursor to diabetes, this condition occurs when the body still produces proper amounts of insulin, but does not utilize it properly.
Metabolism: the body’s process of converting food and drink into energy for expenditure by the body. The faster your metabolism, the easier it is to lose weight, while the slower your metabolism, the more difficult it is to lose weight.
Resistance Training: a form of strength training that uses opposing force to build strength and improve the muscles.
Understanding these basic terms will make it easier for you to develop a health and fitness routine to maintain your current health or to promote weight loss.